Chapter 1. Physical Activity, Health, and Chronic DiseasePhysical Activity, Health, and Disease: An OverviewCardiovascular DiseaseHypertensionHypercholesterolemia and DyslipidemiaTobaccoDiabetes MellitusObesity and OverweightMetabolic SyndromeCancerMusculoskeletal Diseases and DisordersAgingCognitive PerformanceExercise as MedicineReview MaterialChapter 2. Preliminary Health Screening and Risk ClassificationPreliminary Health EvaluationTesting Procedures for Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and ElectrocardiogramReview MaterialChapter 3. Principles of Assessment, Prescription, and Exercise Program AdherencePhysical Fitness TestingBasic Principles for Exercise Program DesignExercise Program AdherenceUsing Technology to Promote Physical ActivityReview MaterialChapter 4. Assessing Cardiorespiratory FitnessDefinition of TermsGraded Exercise Testing: Guidelines and ProceduresMaximal Exercise Test ProtocolsSubmaximal Exercise Test ProtocolsField Tests for Assessing Aerobic FitnessExercise Testing for Children and Older AdultsReview MaterialChapter 5. Designing Cardiorespiratory Exercise ProgramsThe Exercise PrescriptionAerobic Training Methods and ModesPersonalized Exercise ProgramsReview MaterialChapter 6. Assessing Muscular FitnessDefinition of TermsStrength and Muscular Endurance AssessmentMuscular Power AssessmentSources of Measurement Error in Muscular Fitness TestingAdditional Considerations for Muscular Fitness TestingMuscular Fitness Testing of Older AdultsMuscular Fitness Testing of ChildrenReview MaterialChapter 7. Designing Resistance Training ProgramsTypes of Resistance TrainingDeveloping Resistance Training ProgramsCommon Questions About Resistance TrainingEffects of Resistance Training ProgramsMuscular SorenessReview MaterialChapter 8. Assessing Body CompositionClassification and Uses of Body Composition MeasuresBody Composition ModelsReference Methods for Assessing Body CompositionField Methods for Assessing Body CompositionReview MaterialChapter 9. Designing Weight Management and Body Composition ProgramsObesity, Overweight, and Underweight: Definitions and TrendsObesity: Types and CausesWeight Management Principles and PracticesDesigning Weight Management Programs: Preliminary StepsDesigning Weight Loss ProgramsDesigning Weight Gain ProgramsDesigning Programs to Improve Body CompositionReview MaterialChapter 10. Assessing FlexibilityBasics of FlexibilityAssessment of FlexibilityFlexibility Testing of Older AdultsReview MaterialChapter 11. Designing Programs for Flexibility and Low Back CareTraining PrinciplesStretching MethodsDesigning Flexibility Programs: Exercise PrescriptionDesigning Low Back Care Exercise ProgramsReview MaterialChapter 12. Assessing Balance and Designing Balance ProgramsDefinitions and Nature of BalanceFactors Affecting Balance and Risk of FallingAssessment of BalanceDesigning Balance Training ProgramsReview MaterialAppendix A. Health and Fitness AppraisalA.1 Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire for Everyone (Par-Q+)A.2 Medical History QuestionnaireA.3 Risk Factors, Signs, and Symptoms of DiseaseA.4 Electronic Physical Activity Readiness Medical Examination (ePARmed-X+)A.5 Lifestyle EvaluationA.6 Fantastic Lifestyle ChecklistA.7 Informed ConsentA.8 Websites for Selected Professional Organizations and InstitutesAppendix B. Cardiorespiratory AssessmentsB.1 Summary of Graded Exercise Test and Cardiorespiratory Field Test ProtocolsB.2 Rockport Fitness ChartsB.3 Step Test ProtocolsB.4 OMNI Rating of Perceived Exertion ScalesB.5 Analysis of Sample Case Study in Chapter 5Appendix C. Muscular Fitness Exercise and NormsC.1 Standardized Testing Protocols for Digital Handheld DynamometryC.2 1-RM Squat and Bench Press Norms for AdultsC.3 Isometric ExercisesC.4 Dynamic Resistance Training ExercisesAppendix D. Body Composition AssessmentsD.1 Prediction Equations for Residual VolumeD.2 Standardized Sites for Skinfold MeasurementsD.3 Skinfold Sites for Jackson's Generalized Skinfold EquationsD.4 Standardized Sites for Circumference MeasurementsD.5 Standardized Sites for Bony Breadth MeasurementsD.6 Ashwell Body Shape ChartAppendix E. Energy Intake and ExpenditureE.1 Food Record and RDA ProfileE.2 Physical Activity LogE.3 Gross Energy Expenditure for Conditioning Exercises, Sports, and Recreational ActivitiesAppendix F. Flexibility and Low Back Care ExercisesF.1 Selected Flexibility ExercisesF.2 Exercise Dos and Don'tsF.3 Exercises for Low Back Care
Ann L. Gibson, PhD, FACSM, is an associate professor and researcher in exercise science at the University of New Mexico, with research interests in body composition and physiological responses to exercise. She developed the ancillary materials for the sixth edition of Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription in addition to coauthoring the seventh edition.Gibson has presented internationally in the area of obesity research and has published original research in journals such as Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, and Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. She is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, National Strength and Conditioning Association, and the Clinical Exercise Physiology Association.Gibson resides in New Mexico, where she enjoys spending time outdoors hiking, biking, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, and gardening.Dale R. Wagner, PhD, EPC, ACSM-CEP, CSCS, is a professor of exercise physiology at Utah State University (USU). His research interests include body composition assessment and exercise physiology at high altitude. He has been an active researcher for 20 years and has authored over 60 peer-reviewed research publications. He is a coauthor of Applied Body Composition Assessment (Human Kinetics, 2004) with Vivian Heyward.Wagner is a past president of the Southwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (SWACSM) and of the American Society of Exercise Physiologists. He is a research council member of the Wilderness Medical Society and a member of the National Strength and Conditioning Association, the International Society for Mountain Medicine, and the International Society for Body Composition Research.In his spare time, Wagner enjoys mountaineering, cycling (both road and mountain), and international travel.Vivian H. Heyward, PhD, is a regents' professor emerita at the University of New Mexico, where she taught physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription courses for 26 years. In addition to the previous editions of this book, she has authored two editions of Applied Body Composition Assessment (Human Kinetics, 1996, 2004) as well as numerous articles in research and professional journals dealing with various aspects of physical fitness assessment and exercise prescription. Heyward has received many professional awards, including the SWACSM Recognition Award for distinguished professional achievement and the Distinguished Alumni Award from the University of Illinois and the State University of New York at Cortland.In her free time, she enjoys hiking, nature photography, golfing, and snowshoeing. Heyward resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico.