Chapter 1 * Tensegrity
Chapter 2 * Simple geometry in complex organisms
Chapter 3 * The balance of unseen forces
Chapter 4 * The problem with mechanics
Chapter 5 * The autonomous cell
Chapter 6 * The twist in the tale
Chapter 7 * The ease of motion
Chapter 8 * The 'hard' and the 'soft'
Chapter 9 * A closer look
Chapter 10 * 'Complex' patterns in biology
Chapter 11 * Biotensegrity: a rational approach to biomechanics
Chapter 12 * Biotensegrity: the structural basis of life
Appendix 1 * Tensegrity models
Appendix 2 * Muscle volume and crossed helical fiber angle
Appendix 3 * The questionable hydrostat
Appendix 4 * The avian lung
Appendix 5 * Closed-chain kinematics and embryological development
Graham Scarr is a chartered biologist and osteopath with a particular interest in structural mechanics. Fascinated by the numerous examples of geometric patterns and shapes in nature, he has been researching their significance over many years.
As a graduate in microbiology, and after spending several years developing his skills in a bacteriological research lab, he is now part of a specific interest group looking at the significance of the biotensegrity concept to biomechanics and clinical practice, and at the forefront of current thinking about this subject.
Working closely with Stephen Levin, an orthopaedic surgeon who first recognized the importance of biotensegrity to living organisms, he has developed new models that progress our understanding of the structure-function relationship in biology.
Graham Scarr is currently a Fellow of the Linnean Society and Member of the Society of Biology; he has published several papers on this subject in peer-reviewed scientific journals.