Preface. Part 1 Analysis. 1 The Framework for Understanding. Process and knowledge. The initial suggestion. Carrying out the evaluation. Physical and social context. The basis of analysis. Knowledge needed for choice. Summary. 2 Building Purpose and Performance. Activities, space and construction. Introduction to performance requirements. Environmental impact and sustainability. Summary. 3 Common Forms - Specific Solutions. General and constructed forms. The emergence of general building forms. Uncertainty and risk. Summary. 4 Construction Variables. The variables of construction - the outcome of choice. Choosing materials. Choosing shape. Choosing size. Spatial relationships. Joints and fixings. Summary. 5 Defining Conditions. Physical and social conditions. Activity and construction-modifying environments. The dynamics of the system. Choice of interior elements of the building. Inside the construction itself. Summary. 6 The Resource Base. Introduction. Materials - the primary resource. Knowledge and skill - the human resource. Plant and machinery - the technological resource. Money - the enabling resource. Summary. 7 Design Concept. Linking design to construction choice. Concept design - general form. Physical performance and appearance - commodity, firmness and delight. Function of the whole, function of the parts. Summary. 8 Appearance. Visualising attributes and response. Space and context. Physical space for the construction. The approach to analysis. Summary. 9 Analysis of Physical Behaviour. Visualising conditions and response. Function and performance - a technical aim. Preventing failure - a technical objective. The role of observation and science in the analysis. The approach to analysis. Summary. 10 Physical Behaviour Creating Environments. Aspects of environment. The building as a system. The dry environment. The warm environment. The light environment. The acoustic environment. The clean environment. The safe environment. The private environment. Summary. 11 Physical Behaviour Under Load. Forces, external and internal. Basic structural members. Curving (and folding) structural members. Structural connections. Grid members - pin-jointed frames. Building structures - wind stability. Stress/strain and the choice of material. Structural analysis and design. Movements and structural behaviour. Stresses in the ground. The major structural forms. Summary. 12 Physical Behaviour Over Time. Reliability: renewal, maintenance, repair and disposal. Basis of analysis. Soiling and cleaning. Durability of materials. Movements in components. Ground movement, settlement and subsidence. Movement and detailing. Wear of components. Summary. 13 Manufacture and Assembly. Realisation of performance. Visualising stages and sequence. Analysis of operations, methods and resources. Materials and labour. Production equipment. Production options. Knowledge and expertise for the analysis of the process Summary. 14 Cost. Cost and value. Cost and price. Cost and time frames. Cost and cost data. Summary. 15 Sustainability - Social Concern. Two major forces. Sustainability. Established influences and new concerns. Responding to the sustainability agenda. Buildings as systems. Renewable energy sources. Water and Waste. Materials choice and detailing. Planning and design concepts. Emerging technologies. Summary. Part 2 Choice - HOUSE CONSTRUCTION. 16 Applying the Framework to Housing. The need for an integrated approach. The basis of the case study. Summary. 17 Floors. Upper floors. General forms for upper floors. Timber joisted upper floors. Ground floors. Suspended ground floors. Ground-supported slab floors. Services and other elements. Site influences on choice of ground floors. Production operations for ground floors. The final choice. Summary. 18 Roofs. Pitch and span. Other functions. Pitched roofs. Flat roofs. Summary. 19 Walls. Wall types by function. General forms. Walls in the case study. Masonry cavity external walls. Openings in the external wall. Doors and windows - the components in the openings The panel frame option. Party (separating) walls. Partition walls. Summary. 20 Foundations. Basic function. Site investigation. Foundation design. The strip foundation. Foundations for poor surface conditions. Economics of foundations. Basements. Summary. 21 Services. Introduction. Analysis of services systems. Hot and cold water. Heating systems. Drainage. Electrical systems. Summary. Part 3 Choice - COMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION. 22 Applying the framework to commercial buildings. The story so far. The way forward. The technological mix. Summary. 23 Common forms and emerging technologies. Introduction. UK commercial building through the twentieth century. Low environmental impact. Summary. 24 Interface design. Introduction. The enclosure - services interface. The enclosure - structure interface. The structure - services interface. Summary. 25 Structural skeletal frames. Materials development and structural options. Reinforced concrete - performance. In situ reinforced concrete frames - production. Precast concrete frames - production. Structural steel - performance. Structural steel - fabrication and construction. Structure choice and overall design. Summary 26 Roof structures Introduction Variety of structural form. Broad options Construction details. Summary. 27 Loadbearing structural walls. Broad options. Multi-storey construction. Single-storey industrial construction. Summary. 28 Structure below ground. Introduction. Foundation design. Foundation types. Soil improvement. Basements. Large area industrial concrete ground floors. Summary. 29 External enclosure to structural frames. Introduction. External walls. Cavity brickwork. Cladding panels. Curtain walling. Facing materials. Lightweight cladding. Structural glazing. Roof construction. Summary. 30 Internal enclosure. Performance. Applied finishes. Component systems. Summary. 31 Services - scope and space. Introduction. Scope. Space. Environmental services. Public health services. Power supply. Security. Operational services. The need for co-ordination. Production sequence and contract time. Cost of services systems. Summary. 32 Guide to Further Reading. What this book provides. Sources of information - authority, validity and relevance. Finding information. Using information - corroboration, confirmation and risk. Summary. Index.
Tony Bryan has had a prominent role in built environment education in the Faculty of the Built Environment, University of the West of England since 1973 and is now: * Principal Lecturer in Construction Technology * Course Leader for development and implementation of BSc Building/BSc Construction Management. * Responsibility for all undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Department of Construction. * Head of School of Construction Economics, Management and Engineering Environment * Director of Teaching and Learning