Part I. Beginning Your JourneyChapter 1. Welcome to Sport and Exercise PsychologyDefining Sport and Exercise PsychologySpecializing in Sport PsychologyDistinguishing Between Two SpecialtiesReviewing the History of Sport and Exercise PsychologyFocusing on Sport and Exercise Psychology Around the WorldLearning AidsChapter 2. Science and Professional Practice of Sport and Exercise PsychologyBridging Science and PracticeChoosing From Many Sport and Exercise Psychology OrientationsUnderstanding Present and Future TrendsLearning AidsPart II. Learning About ParticipantsChapter 3. Personality and SportDefining PersonalityUnderstanding Personality StructureStudying Personality From Six ViewpointsMeasuring PersonalityUsing Psychological MeasuresFocusing on Personality ResearchExamining Cognitive Strategies and SuccessIdentifying Your Role in Understanding PersonalityLearning AidsChapter 4. MotivationDefining MotivationReviewing Three Approaches to MotivationBuilding Motivation With Five GuidelinesDeveloping a Realistic View of MotivationUnderstanding Achievement Motivation and CompetitivenessIdentifying Four Theories of Achievement MotivationDeveloping Achievement Motivation and CompetitivenessUsing Achievement Motivation in Professional PracticeLearning AidsChapter 5. Arousal, Stress, and AnxietyDefining Arousal and AnxietyMeasuring Arousal and AnxietyDefining Stress and Understanding the Stress ProcessIdentifying Sources of Stress and AnxietyConnecting Arousal and Anxiety to PerformanceApplying Knowledge to Professional PracticeLearning AidsPart III. Understanding Sport and Exercise EnvironmentsChapter 6. Competition and CooperationDefining Competition and CooperationViewing Competition as a ProcessReviewing Studies of Competition and CooperationDetermining Whether Competition Is Good or BadEnhancing CooperationLearning AidsChapter 7. Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic MotivationPrinciples of ReinforcementApproaches to Influencing BehaviorGuidelines for Using Positive ReinforcementGuidelines for Using PunishmentBehavior Modification in SportBehavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior TherapyIntrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic RewardsCognitive Evaluation TheoryHow Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in SportStrategies for Increasing Intrinsic MotivationFlow-A Special Case of Intrinsic MotivationLearning AidsChapter 8. Diversity and InclusionDefinition of Culture, Diversity, Inclusion, and Cultural CompetenceDiversity and Inclusion Research in Sport and ExerciseBenefits of Diversity and InclusionStrategies for Diversifying Sport and Physical Activity and Creating Inclusive EnvironmentsLearning AidsPart IV. Focusing on Group ProcessesChapter 9. Team Dynamics and CohesionRecognizing the Difference Between Groups and TeamsIdentifying Three Theories of Group DevelopmentUnderstanding Group StructureCreating an Effective Team ClimateMaximizing Individual Performance in Team SportsDefinition of CohesionConceptual Model of CohesionTools for Measuring CohesionRelationship Between Cohesion and PerformanceOther Factors Associated With CohesionStrategies for Enhancing CohesionGuidelines for Building Team CohesionLearning AidsChapter 10. LeadershipDefinition of LeadershipApproaches to Studying LeadershipSport-Oriented Interactional Approaches to LeadershipResearch on the Multidimensional Model of Sport LeadershipLeadership Training InterventionsFour Components of Effective LeadershipThe Art of LeadershipLearning AidsChapter 11. CommunicationUnderstanding the Communication ProcessSending Messages EffectivelyReceiving Messages EffectivelyRecognizing Breakdowns in CommunicationImproving CommunicationDealing With Confrontation and ConflictDelivering Constructive CriticismLearning AidsPart V. Improving PerformanceChapter 12. Introduction to Psychological Skills TrainingWhat Psychological Skills Training EntailsWhy PST Is ImportantWhy Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PSTMyths About PSTPST Knowledge BasePST EffectivenessThree Phases of PST ProgramsSelf-Regulation: The Ultimate Goal of PSTWho Should Conduct PST ProgramsWhen to Implement a PST ProgramPST Program DevelopmentCommon Problems in Implementing PST ProgramsLearning AidsChapter 13. Arousal RegulationIncreasing Self-Awareness of ArousalUsing Anxiety Reduction TechniquesExploring the Matching HypothesisCoping With AdversityUsing Arousal-Inducing TechniquesLearning AidsChapter 14. ImageryDefining ImageryUses of ImageryEvidence of Imagery's EffectivenessImagery in Sport: Where, When, Why, and WhatFactors Affecting the Effectiveness of ImageryHow Imagery WorksKeys to Effective ImageryHow to Develop an Imagery Training ProgramWhen to Use ImageryLearning AidsChapter 15. Self-ConfidenceDefining Self-ConfidenceUnderstanding How Expectations Influence PerformanceExamining Self-Efficacy TheoryAssessing Self-ConfidenceBuilding Self-ConfidenceLearning AidsChapter 16. Goal SettingDefinition of GoalsEffectiveness of Goal SettingPrinciples of Goal SettingDevelopment of Group GoalsDesign of a Goal-Setting SystemCommon Problems in Goal SettingLearning AidsChapter 17. ConcentrationDefining ConcentrationExplaining Attentional Focus: Three ProcessesConnecting Concentration to Optimal PerformanceIdentifying Types of Attentional FocusRecognizing Attentional ProblemsUsing Self-Talk to Enhance ConcentrationAssessing Attentional SkillsImproving ConcentrationLearning AidsPart VI. Enhancing Health and Well-BeingChapter 18. Exercise and Psychological Well-BeingReducing Anxiety and Depression With ExerciseUnderstanding the Effect of Exercise on Psychological Well-BeingChanging Personality and Cognitive Functioning With ExerciseEnhancing Quality of Life With ExerciseExamining the Runner's HighUsing Exercise as an Adjunct to TherapyLearning AidsChapter 19. Exercise Behavior and AdherenceReasons to ExerciseReasons for Not ExercisingProblem of Exercise AdherenceTheories and Models of Exercise BehaviorDeterminants of Exercise AdherenceSettings for Exercise InterventionsStrategies for Enhancing Adherence to ExerciseGuidelines for Improving Exercise AdherenceLearning AidsChapter 20. Athletic Injuries and PsychologyWhat Is Injury?Causes of InjuryRelationship Between Stress and InjuryOther Psychologically Based Explanations for InjuryPsychological Reactions to Exercise and Athletic InjuriesRole of Sport Psychology in Injury RehabilitationIdentify Athletes and Exercisers Who Are at Risk for InjuryLearning AidsChapter 21. Addictive and Unhealthy BehaviorsEating DisordersSubstance AbuseAddiction to ExerciseCompulsive GamblingLearning AidsChapter 22. Burnout and OvertrainingDefinitions of Overtraining, Staleness, and BurnoutFrequency of Overtraining, Staleness, and BurnoutModels of BurnoutFactors Leading to Athlete Overtraining and BurnoutSymptoms of Overtraining and BurnoutWays to Measure BurnoutBurnout in Sport ProfessionalsTreatment and Prevention of BurnoutLearning AidsPart VII. Facilitating Psychological Growth and DevelopmentChapter 23. Children and Sport PsychologyImportance of Studying the Psychology of Young AthletesChildren's Reasons for Participation and NonparticipationRole of Friends in Youth SportStress and Burnout in Children's Competitive SportEffective Coaching Practices for Young AthletesRole of ParentsLearning AidsChapter 24. Aggression in SportDefining AggressionUnderstanding the Causes of AggressionExamining Aggression in SportApplying Knowledge to Professional PracticeLearning AidsChapter 25. Character Development and Good Sporting BehaviorDefining Character, Fair Play, and Good Sporting BehaviorDeveloping Character and Good Sporting BehaviorExamining Moral Development ResearchUnderstanding the Connection Between Moral Reasoning and Moral BehaviorHazing and Bullying in SportStudying the Connection Between Character Development and Physical ActivityGuiding Practice in Character DevelopmentLearning Aids
Robert S. Weinberg, PhD, is a professor in the department of physical education, health, and sport studies at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He has more than 40 years of experience in both the scholarly and applied aspects of sport psychology. He has written numerous research articles, including more than 150 refereed articles in scholarly journals, as well as books, book chapters, and applied articles for coaches, athletes, and exercisers.Weinberg was voted one of the top 10 sport psychologists in North America by his peers. He is past president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP). He is also a certified AASP consultant, consulting with athletes of all sports and ages.Weinberg was named a Distinguished Scholar at Miami University in 2005. In addition, he was the editor of the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology and was voted Outstanding Faculty Member in the School of Education and Allied Professions at Miami University in 1998. In his leisure time, he enjoys playing tennis, traveling, and gardening.Daniel Gould, PhD, is the director of the Institute for the Study of Youth Sports and a professor in the department of kinesiology at Michigan State University. He has taught sport psychology for more than 35 years. An active researcher, Gould was the founding coeditor of The Sport Psychologist and has published more than 200 articles on sport psychology. He is best known for conducting applied research that links research and practice.Gould was voted one of the top 10 sport psychology specialists in North America and is internationally known, having presented his work in more than 30 countries. When on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, he received the university's coveted Alumni Teaching Excellence Award, an all-campus teaching honor. He is certified as a consultant by the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) and is a member of the United States Olympic Committee Sport Psychology Registry.Gould is the former president of AASP and SHAPE America's Sport Psychology Academy. In addition to teaching sport psychology, he is extensively involved in coaching education, from youth sports to Olympic competition. He also serves as a mental skills training consultant for professional, Olympic, and world-class athletes. In recent years he has served as an executive coach for business leaders interested in enhancing their organizations' performance.He lives in Okemos, Michigan, with his wife, Deb. He is a proud father of two sons, Kevin and Brian. In his leisure time, he enjoys swimming, doing fitness activities, and spending time with his family.