Victor Hugo (1802-1885), novelist, poet, and dramatist, is one of the most important of French Romantic writers. Among his best-known works are The Hunchback of Notre Dame(1831) and Les Miserables(1862). Kenneth C. Mondschein has a Ph.D in history from Fordham University (defense passed December 18, 2009). His expertise is in Western history from antiquity to the present, with a specializations in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, global expansion and colonization, and the history of science and technology. He also holds a Master of Arts in History from Boston University.