About BoardSource v Introduction: The World of Nonprofits xv Part One: Basic Board Functions 1 What are the basic responsibilities of a nonprofi t board? 3 2 What are the legal duties of a board member? 6 3 What is the board?s role and involvement in mission, vision, and values? 9 4 What is the board?s role in fi nancial management? 12 5 What is the board?s role in strategic planning? 16 6 How does strategic thinking contribute to board and organizational effectiveness? 20 7 What is the board?s role in fundraising? 23 8 What is the board?s role in organizational evaluation? 27 9 How does the board avoid the extremes of ?rubber stamping? and micromanaging? 32 10 Why is connecting and communicating with constituencies an important task for the board? 36 11 How does a board function as a team? 40 12 What are the attributes of a high-performing board? 43 Part Two: Board Structure 13 What is the best size for our board? 49 14 How should we structure our board? 52 15 What types of board committees should we have? 55 16 How can our committees be most effective? 58 17 Does our board need an executive committee? 62 18 Should our board have advisory councils? 65 19 What is the role of the board chair? 69 20 What board offi cers should we have? 73 21 How should we select our board offi cers? 76 22 What kind of board does an all-volunteer organization have? 79 Part Three: Board Member Selection and Development 23 How can we recruit active, involved board members? 85 24 How can we use a board matrix to identify recruitment needs? 89 25 What is the chief executive?s role in board recruitment? 93 26 How can a membership organization build an effective board? 95 27 How can our board become more diverse and inclusive? 98 28 What should we tell our prospective board members? 101 29 What should we include in our board orientation? 106 30 Should members of the same family serve on a board? 109 31 Should constituents serve on the board? 112 32 What should we do about uninvolved board members? 114 33 Should we have term limits for board members? 119 34 How can we engage former board members and chief executives? 122 35 Should board members be compensated? 126 36 How can our board assess and improve its own performance? 130 37 Should individual board members be evaluated, and, if so, how? 136 Part Four: Board and Committee Meetings 38 Is a board legally required to hold open meetings? 141 39 How often and where should we meet? 144 40 How can we improve our meetings? 147 41 How can we encourage debate while promoting civility in the boardroom? 154 42 What is the purpose of a board retreat? 158 43 Who should attend board meetings, and what are their roles? 160 44 How should staff members participate in board and committee meetings? 163 45 What are the different ways boards make decisions? 167 46 How should board minutes be written, approved, and kept? 170 47 How can e-governance improve board and committee work? 174 Part Five: The Board?s Role as a Fiduciary 48 How does a board help ensure the organization?s long-term viability? 181 49 What does the board need to know about reserves and investments? 185 50 What is the board?s role in the budget? 190 51 What is the board?s role in the annual financial audit? 193 52 What are the signs of fi nancial distress in an organization? 197 53 What should we do if we suspect fraudulent activity? 200 54 What policies and practices should we adopt to manage confl ict of interest? 205 55 How can we protect the organization?and ourselves?from lawsuits? 210 56 What is a Form 990? 216 57 Why should every board member make an annual monetary contribution? 219 58 How can we develop board members? fundraising skills? 222 59 How can we generate revenue beyond fundraising? 225 60 How does a nonprofi t operate a for-profit subsidiary? 230 61 What?s the best way to keep track of board policies? 236 Part Six: Board-Staff Relations 62 How does an all-volunteer organization make the transition to paid staff? 243 63 What is the board?s involvement in staff selection and management? 247 64 What is the ideal relationship between the board chair and the chief executive? 251 65 Should the chief executive have a vote on the board? 257 66 Should board members be hired as staff members? 259 67 How should we evaluate the chief executive? 261 68 How do we set fair compensation for the chief executive and the staff? 265 69 What is the chief executive?s role in improving the board? 269 70 What is the board?s role in relation to the staff? 273 71 How can the senior staff contribute to board effectiveness? 276 72 How can we facilitate the end of a chief executive?s employment? 280 73 What characteristics should we look for in a new chief executive? 286 74 How do we fi nd a new chief executive? 291 Part Seven: Organizational Change 75 What is the typical lifecycle for a nonprofi t organization? 299 76 How do we ensure that the organization thrives after the founders depart? 304 77 When should an organization consider revising its mission statement? 307 78 When should we enter into strategic alliances with other organizations? 310 79 When should we consider a merger or acquisition? 313 80 How can we expand the organization?s scope to an international level? 318 81 Should our charitable organization engage in lobbying? 323 82 How should we respond to an organizational emergency or controversy? 326 83 What is the board?s role in hiring a consultant? 330 84 When should the board consider closing a nonprofit organization? 332 85 How does the board keep up with organizational change? 335 Conclusion 339 Index 343
BoardSource is the premier resource for practical information, tools, best practices, training, and leadership development for board members of nonprofit organizations worldwide. Through its highly acclaimed programs and services, BoardSource enables organizations to fulfill their missions by helping build strong and effective nonprofit boards.