Note: Each chapter includes: - Learning objectives - Chapter-opening case study - Introduction - Bolded key terms - Marginal glossary - Researching Criminal and Violent Behaviour boxes - Chapter summary - Review questions - Additional reading Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction Case Studies What Is Criminal Behaviour? The Sociological Construction of Crime Case Study: Robert Bardo Violent Behaviour Theoretical Perspectives Scientific Theories Organization of This Book 2. Genetics and Evolution Case Study: Jeffrey Landrigan Behavioural Genetics Case Study: The Kray Brothers Putting It All Together: Genetic Predispositions and Behavioural Destiny Evolution Case Study: Christopher Rocancourt Sex Differences Age-Crime Curve 3. Biology Case Study: Chris Benoit The Structure of the Brain Brain Injury and Criminal Behaviour: General Evidence Brain Plasticity and Early Head Injury Specific Brain Regions and Criminal Behaviour Case Study: Phineas Gage Case Study: Charles Whitman Putting It All Together: The Prefrontal Cortex and Limbic System Lateralized Hemispheric Dysfunction Putting It All Together: The Findings on Lateralization Neurochemistry and Criminality Putting It All Together: Neurotransmitters and Aggression Psychophysiology and Crime 4. Developmental Pathways Case Study: Ethan Couch The Stability of Criminal Behaviour Major Developmental Theories Early Childhood Factors and Delinquency Parental Practices and Delinquency Peer and School Factors 5. Personality Case Study: Dr. Amy Bishop The Nature of Personality Psychodynamic Theories of Personality Attachment and Personality Case Study: Aileen Wuornos The Trait Perspective Personality Disorders Case Study: Rorschach 6. Psychopathy Case Study: Clifford Robert Olson The Clinical Description of Psychopathy Case Study: Adremy Dennis Assessing Psychopathy Empirical Links between Psychopathy and Criminal Behaviour Case Study: "Dave" Psychopathy and Gender Case Study: Joanna Dennehy Psychopathy and Crime across the Lifespan Psychopathy across Culture Theoretical Explanations of the Psychopathy-Crime Link Putting It All Together: A "Perfect Storm" for Crime 7. Learning Case Study: Devalon Armstrong Classical Conditioning Case Study: Richard Ramirez Operant Conditioning Observational Learning The Effects of Violent Media Differential Association-Reinforcement Theory Case Study: Henry Hill Putting It All Together: DA-Reinforcement Theory in Action 8. Social Cognition Case Study: Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab Moral Reasoning Moral Disengagement Criminal Thinking Hostile Thoughts and Affect Social Interactions Case Study: Lynndie England and US Military Personnel at Abu Ghraib Social Information Processing Theories Enactment of Antisocial and Violent Behaviours Case Study: George Zimmerman and Trayvon Martin Putting It All Together: The General Aggression Model 9. Mental Disorder Case Study: Rene Poole Systems for Classifying Mental Disorders Major Mental Disorders Mental Disorder and Crime Putting It All Together: The Relationship of Mental Disorder and Crime in Context The Criminalization of Mental Disorder Putting It All Together: Making Sense of Criminalization Symptom-Based Theories of Crime Case Study: Margaret Mary Ray Case Study: Vincent Li Factors Influencing the Relationship between Mental Disorder and Crime Mental Disorder Creates "Tense Situations" That Lead to Violence 10. Substance Use Case Study: Robert Osborne Drug Use and Its Effects Major Classes of Drugs Goldstein's Tripartite Model Case Study: Pablo Escobar Putting It All Together: Making Sense of Psychopharmacological Violence Theories of the Alcohol-Violence Relationship Case Study: Shia LaBeouf Putting It All Together: Integrating Theories of Alcohol-Related Aggression 11. Homicide Case Study: The Manson Family Murders Theoretical Models of Homicide Case Study: The La Loche Shooter Homicide in the Family Multiple Murder Case Study: The Green River Killer Case Study: The Jonestown Massacre Case Study: Adam Lanza and the Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting 12. Interpersonal Violence Case Study: Ray Rice Stalking Intimate Partner Violence Theories of Stalking and Intimate Partner Violence Sexual Violence 13. Assessment and Treatment Case Study: Karla Homolka Risk of Offending Risk Assessment of Offenders The Clinical Versus Actuarial Debate Putting It All Together: Good Risk Assessment Practices Treatment of Offenders Case Study: Darnell Pratt and Brendan Sarginson How Effective Are Offender Treatment Programs? Putting It All Together: Effective Programs in Practice Glossary References Index
David R. Lyon is an associate professor in the Department of Criminology at Kwantlen Polytechnic University. Andrew Welsh is an associate professor and associate dean of the Faculty of Human and Social Sciences at Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford.
"This text will provide you with a great overview of theories associated with criminal behaviour in a way that is understandable and engaging." --Janelle Jackiw, University of Regina and Lethbridge College "I like the case study examples, very descriptive, relevant, and objective. Excellent topics discussed throughout." --Uzma Williams, MacEwan University