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Reason & Religious Belief


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Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition: Introduction 1. Thinking about God: The Search for the Divine Defining Religion What Is Philosophy of Religion? The God of Theism Thoughtful Inquiry and Religious Faith The Religious Ambiguity of Life Our Task 2. The Nature of Religion: What Are Religious Beliefs About? Religious Non-realism Buddhist Non-realism Religious Realism Wittgenstein on Religion Why Is This Issue Important? 3. Religious Experience: What Does It Mean to Encounter the Divine? Types of Religious Experience Religious Experience as Feeling Some Religious Experience as Perceptual Experience Religious Experience as Interpretation Based on Religious Beliefs Can Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief? The Principle of Credulity Diversity of Religious Experiences Is There a Common Core to Religious Experience? 4. Faith and Reason: How Are They Related? Can Reason Be Trusted? Strong Rationalism Fideism Critical Rationalism 5. Theistic Arguments: Is there Evidence for God's Existence? Theistic Arguments as Proofs The Ontological Argument Contemporary Versions of the Ontological Argument The Cosmological Argument The Kalam Cosmological Argument The Atemporal Cosmological Argument The Analogical Teleological Argument The Anthropic Teleological Argument The Intelligent Design Teleological Argument The Moral Argument Cumulative Case Arguments and God The God of Religion and of Philosophy 6. Knowing God without Arguments: Does Theism Need a Basis? Evidentialism Critique of Evidentialism Plantinga on Properly Basic Beliefs Alston on Perceiving God Plantinga on Warrant and Knowledge 7. The Divine Attributes: What Is God Like? Perfect and Worthy of Worship Necessary and Self-Existent Personal and Free Creator All-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly Good God Eternal--Timeless or Everlasting 8. Divine Action: How Does God Relate to the World? What Kind of Power Does God Exercise? What Kind of Freedom Has God Given? Does God Know What Would Have Happened? Does God Know the Actual Future? What If the Future Is Truly Open? 9. The Problem of Evil: Is there Evidence against God's Existence? The Logical Problem of Evil The Evidential Problem of Evil Skeptical Theism as a Response Can Theists Accept the Factual Premise? Defense and Theodicy Themes in Theodicy Some Important Global Theodicies Horrendous Evils and the Assessment of Theism 10. Miracles: Does God Intervene in Earthly Affairs? Miracles Defined Miracles as Possible Events Miracles as Historical Events Miracles as Unexplainable Events Miracles as Acts of God The "Miraculous" Resurrection of Jesus Miracles and Evil 11. Life after Death: Are there Reasons for Hope? Terminology Concepts of Life after Death Personal Identity and the Soul Immortality of the Soul Criticism of the Soul-Concept The Self as a Psychophysical Unity Re-creation and Spatiotemporal Continuity There Is No Persisting Self A Posteriori Arguments for Life after Death A Priori Arguments for Life after Death Prospects 12. Religious Language: How Can We Speak Meaningfully of God? Human Language and the Infinite The Classical Theory of Analogy Verification and Falsification Issues The Functions of Religious Discourse Religious Language as Symbolic Feminism and Masculine God-Talk Can Talk of God Be Literal? 13. Religion and Science: Are They Compatible or Incompatible? Do Religion and Science Conflict? Are Religion and Science Independent? Is Dialogue Possible? Attempts at Integration Theistic Evolution and the Science-Religion Debate Insights 14. Religious Diversity: How Can We Understand Differences among Religions? Religious Diversity Exclusivism Critique of Exclusivism Exclusivism and Justified Belief Pluralism Critique of Pluralism Pluralism as Plurality of Salvations Inclusivism Critique of Inclusivism Criteria for Assessing Religions 15. Religious Ethics: What Is God's Relation to Morality? The Source of Religious Ethical Truth The Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical Truth The Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical Truth The Significance of Religiously Based Ethical Truth Current Issues 16. The Continuing Quest: God and the Human Venture The Intellectual Process Philosophical Activity and Religious Faith Where Do We Go from Here? Glossary: Name Index: General Index:


"I believe that Reason and Religious Belief is the best text available for an introductory philosophy of religion course. One of the greatest strengths is its fair representation of differing positions and approaches to problems. The level is just right for my purposes--introducing students to philosophy of religion in a way that challenges them."--Gordon Pettit, Western Illinois University "The treatments of opposing viewpoints are fair and well balanced. The writing style is superb: consistently economical, engaging, and clear."--Gary Rosenkrantz, University of North Carolina at Greensboro "This is an excellent book, in my view the best available for use in philosophy of religion survey courses. It covers all the general topics likely to be covered in such courses, and then some."--Clyde P. Ragland, Saint Louis University "I would recommend this book to anyone teaching philosophy of religion."--Kevin Carnahan, Central Methodist University

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