Introduction.- TOPIC, AIM AND ARGUMENT.- 1. Topic- 2. Aim and scope.- 3. Proposition and argument.- DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATION.- 4. Brief definitions.- 5. Classification and characteristics.- METHODOLOGY, METHOD AND FINDINGS.- 6. Methodology, model and method.- 7. Data, findings, problems and anomalies.- AMOUNT, LEVEL AND PROPORTION.- 8. Amount, level, proportion and distribution.- 9. Adequate and inadequate amounts.- CONTEXT, NORMS, RISK AND THREAT.- 10. Context, occurrence, norms and deviation.- 11. Advantage, disadvantage, risk and threat.- COMMUNICATION, UNDERSTANDING AND POSITION.- 12. Communication, expression, signification and portrayal.- 13. Knowledge, understanding, way of thinking and belief.- 14. Position, point of view, impartiality and bias.- 15. Time, sequence, duration and frequency- 16. Change, movement, trend and tendency.- ENCOURAGEMENT, ALLOWANCE AND PREVENTION.- 17. Encouragement and improvement, discouragement and deterioration.- 18. Allowance, prevention, exclusion and elimination.- ORIGIN, CAUSE, EFFECT AND LOGICAL RELATIONSHIP 19. Origin, cause and effect.- 20. Connection, compatibility, reciprocity and lack of relationship.- COMPARISON, SIMILARITY AND DIFFERENCE 21. Comparison, similarity, equivalence, convergence and balance.- 22. Difference, differentiation, diversity and divergence.- ANALYSIS OF EVIDENCE AND ARGUMENTS,- 23. Analysis of evidence and identification of argument flaws.- 24. Grouping of authors' ideas and identification of common themes.- EVALUATION OF EVIDENCE AND ARGUMENTS.- 25. Authors' evaluations of each other.- 26. Your positive evaluation of evidence and arguments.- 27. Your negative evaluation of evidence and arguments.- 28. Your agreement, disagreement, and counterarguments.- IMPORTANCE, IMPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS.- 29. Linking evidence to theory and practice.- 30. Importance, significance and dominance.- 31. Influence and impact.- CONCLUSIONS, CLARIFICATION AND FUTURE ACTION.- 32. Conclusions, implications and new ideas.- 33. Qualifying conclusions and degrees of certainty.- 34. Summary, clarification and restatement of position.- 35. Recommendations, advice and solutions.- APPENDICES.- Latin abbreviations and phrases.- Word class: a brief explanation.- Index: word table.- Index: alphabetical.-
Jeanne Godfrey is a Teaching Fellow in the Language Centre at
the University of Leeds, UK. She has been teaching in the field of
English language for over twenty years and has been a Chair of the
British Association of Lecturers in English for Academic Purposes.
She set up one of the first Academic Writing Centres in a UK
University and is now working with lecturers and students in many
areas of learning and curriculum development, with particular
emphasis on academic writing development. She is the author of
Writing for University, Reading and Making Notes,
The Business Student's Phrase Book, and How to Use Your
Reading in Your Essays.