Table of ContentsUrban redevelopment is a growing and challenging field of city planning, design and real estate. In North America, the recycling of underutilized land within communities is both extraordinarily complex and significant. This collection of articles and case studies examines the key aspects of urban redevelopment and how each contributes to modern cities. Notes on contributors Forward: Charlie Bartsch 1. History and trends: Barry Hersh History of urban development and renewal Baltimore as a model Case Study: Eastwick, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Measuring Urban Redevelopment Trends 2017 Urbanophile case study by Rod Stevens 2. Historic preservation: Barry Hersh The historic preservation of landmark structures, and especially districts, has become a controversial but critical element of urban redevelopment. What is preservation? Crucial for a community versus the rights of property owners to develop larger, more modern buildings is a key debate in many cities. Examples of adaptive reuse in Toronto: Evergreen Brickworks Toy Factory Lofts North Toronto Station Bethlehem Steel 3. Urban design and city form in redevelopment: William Schacht Introduction Urban design process Parameters Technology and tools for urban design The first mandate: safe, secure and resilient The urban design plan Urban design of redevelopments can be, at best, examples of beautification and creativity. Design can help mold the social and psychological as well as physical and real estate impact of redevelopment. The use of density, land uses, height, waterfront, public spaces and skyline all interact. Urban design form Design elements Case study: Kohn Pedersen Fox - contemporary global urban design project Case study: design for community crime prevention - defensible space revisited Case study: Rocket Street, Little Rock, Arkansas Case study: Vancouver, British Columbia The urban design plan 4. Transportation: G.B. Arrington Urban redevelopment is often transit oriented, exemplifying the generational move away from the auto-dependent suburban lifestyle. Projects frequently emphasize use of not only rail, but also of bicycles and walking. Redevelopment can sometimes utilize, but often upgrades, existing sewer, water and other infrastructure and may offer new services ranging from big data analytics to local internet. People moving to city shaping Modern streetcars Two different paths to a twenty-first century metamorphosis BART's journey into the twenty-first century Tysons Corner: from Edge City to twenty-first century city Conclusion Transportation case study: the Pearl District - Portland's largest TOD Development oriented transit Public and private initiatives shaping the Pearl District Other urban infrastructure and sustainability Case study: Denver TOD - the next big thing? Incrementally, then boldly building a regional rail system TOD evolution: from city with transit to transit city Early TOD planning in the Denver Region New tools, new partners and new goal posts Central city riches, suburban focus Prospects for the future 5. Parks, open space, arts and culture: Barry Hersh Urban redevelopment often thrives near public open space. Rediscovering urban parks, improving access to waterfronts or creating new amenities are often key elements of urban redevelopment. Arts and artists are often early harbingers of revitalization and can play a key role in long-term redevelopment. Arts and culture Institutions Mini-case studies Gas Works Park, Seattle Dry Gulf Stream restoration at Lamar Station Crossing, Lakewood, Colorado Greenway, Ranson, West Virginia Myriad Botanical Garden, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Durham Performing Arts Center, Durham, North Carolina Spruce Street Harbor Park Discovery Green, Houston, Texas 6. Environmental issues - brownfields: Barry Hersh The intensity and infrastructure of cities make them inherently more energy efficient and less polluting than leafy suburbs. Compact and well located cities can also be made more resilient. Remediation of contamination is often an important and beneficial requirement of redevelopment; all of which makes urban redevelopment the smartest form of growth. Other environmental concerns: noise and air quality Waterfront redevelopment A Leadership and building a team B Approval strategies C Innovative financing D Strategies: site acquisition E Synergy between remediation and redevelopment F Maximizing the benefits of waterfronts and creating true mixed-use for waterfronts Case study: Harbor Point, Stamford, Conneticut Two case studies, Toledo, Ohio Case study: gas stations 7. Revitalizing neighborhoods, housing and social equity: Genevieve Lee Cabanella Urban redevelopment inevitably changes a neighborhood, differences in housing type and quality, economic opportunities, amenities and crime prevention often also result in gentrification. How are affordable housing, inclusionary zoning, design standards and other tools used to support residents but still encourage redevelopment? History of urban renewal and public housing Financing affordable housing Regulations and incentives in urban development Mixed-use affordable housing Land trusts, urban agriculture and redevelopment Innovation in urban revitalization, gentrification Community engagement Case study: Camden, New Jersey 8. Real estate and capital markets: Rick Mandell How real estate development, especially urban redevelopment, has changed and become more challenging as the economy has emerged from the 2007-2010 financial crisis and recessions. While investor goals remain constant, techniques, measures and perceptions change dramatically. Funding the gap Real estate marketing Developers' perspective Economic development Business improvement districts Redevelopment real estate taxes and liens 9. Megaprojects: Barry Hersh Megaprojects, often urban redevelopments, are an increasing share of development. Most are major public-private partnerships, involving government approval and support, often of infrastructure and cleanup. Megaprojects often include major facilities such as stadiums, parks and transit hubs. Often these projects include stadiums, arenas, convention centers and other major public features. Case study: Atlantic Station, Atlanta, Georgia Case study: Manhattan West Side, the High Line and Hudson Yards Rebuilding Detroit 10. The urban redevelopment process: putting it all together: Barry Hersh Key factors in success or failure What can be learned by failure of projects and from declining cities? Defining successful urban redevelopment, identifying successful and innovative strategies for communities, and the role of urban redevelopment in creating sustainable cities. Bibliography Index
Barry Hersh is a Clinical Associate Professor of Real Estate, teaching graduate courses in property development and coordinating the development program for the New York University Schack Institute of Real Estate, in the School of Continuing and Professional Studies.