Acknowledgments vii About the Authors ix Foreword xi Doug Lemov Introduction: How to Lead a Writing Revolution in Your Classroom-and Why You Need One 1 1 Sentences: The Basic Building Blocks of Writing 23 2 Sentence Expansion and Note-Taking: Getting Students to Process What They've Read 55 3 One Step at a Time: Why Students Need to Plan Before They Write 69 4 First Steps in Planning: The Single-Paragraph Outline 83 5 Putting Flesh on the Bones: Revising a Draft 111 6 Summarizing: Mining Texts for the Essentials 138 7 Moving on to Compositions: The Multiple-Paragraph Outline 152 8 Take a Stand: Writing Opinion, Pro-Con, and Argumentative Essays 179 9 A Gauge and a Guide: Assessing Students' Writing 204 10 Putting the Revolution Into Practice: Combining Our Sequence With Your Judgment 218 Appendixes 235 A. Expository Writing Terms 237 B. Abbreviations and Symbols 239 C. Listening Evaluation Checklist 240 D. Proofreading Symbols 241 E. Revise and Edit Checklist 242 F. Research Plan Time Sequence Sheet 243 G. Sample Pacing Guide (Grade 3) 244 H. Sample Pacing Guide (Grades 7-12) 246 I. Single-Paragraph Outline 247 J. Summary Sentence 248 K. Combined Outline 249 L. Transition Outline (2 Paragraphs) 250 M. Transition Outline (3 Paragraphs) 251 N. Single-Paragraph Outline (Book Report) 252 O. Multiple-Paragraph Outline (3 Paragraphs) 253 P. Multiple-Paragraph Outline (4 Paragraphs) 254 Q. Multiple-Paragraph Outline (5 Paragraphs) 255 R. Multiple-Paragraph Outline (Book Report) 256 Glossary 257 Index 265
JUDITH C. HOCHMAN is the founder and chief academic officer of The Writing Revolution, a not-for-profit organization. She was the superintendent of the Greenburgh Graham Union Free School District; head of The Windward School in White Plains, New York; and the founder of the Windward Teacher Training Institute. Dr. Hochman is the author of numerous books and articles on the topic of writing. Visit her at thewritingrevolution.org. Natalie Wexler is an education journalist who serves on the board of trustees of The Writing Revolution. Her articles and essays have appeared in a number of publications, including the New York Times and the Washington Post. She has volunteered as a reading and writing tutor in high-poverty DC schools, and has authored three novels. She has also worked as a lawyer and a legal historian.